Holiness cannot be created or achieved by not doing something. For Paul holiness cannot be defined by what a person does not do. For Paul the believer’s holiness can be endangered and diminished by committing various transgressions and offense, but it cannot be increased or established by not committing those transgressions and offenses. For Paul, the believer’s relationship with Christ is active not passive. It is what a person does, not what they do not do that establishes them in a state of righteousness before God.1


1. Roy A. Fisher, “Paul and the Faith of Jesus: Justification by Faith in Eschatological Participatory Soteriology” (paper for requirements in the PhD in Near Eastern Religions, University of California Berkeley, in an email to author, April 24, 2008), 12. Here, Fisher apparently is following Sanders’s view of participatory soteriology in Paul.[Back]