It seems that one of the names for Messiah around the time of Jesus was the “star” (כוכב) taken from Num 24.17b which reads, “…a star shall come out of Jacob, a scepter shall rise out of Israel. He will crush the foreheads of Moab, the skulls of all the sons of Sheth.” In his article “Are the ‘Son’ Texts at Qumran Messianic?” (James H. Charlesworth, Hermann Lichtenberger, and Gerban S. Oegema, eds., Qumran Messianism: Studies on the Messianic Expectations in the Dead Sea Scrolls, p. 136) Craig Evans lists CD 7.18-20; 1 QM 11.6 and 4Q175 12 as text describing this “star” as a seeker of the Law.

It seems to be a Messianic figure in CD 7.19-20 where it it written, “The king is the congregation; and the bases of the statues are the Book of the Prophets whose sayings Israel despised. The star is the Interpreter of the Law who shall come to Damascus; as it is written, ‘A star shall come forth out of Jacob and a sceptre shall rise out of Israel (Num. xxiv, 17. The sceptre is the Prince of the whole congregation, and when he comes he shall smite all the children of Seth (Num. xxiv, 17). (Vermes, The Complete Dead Sea Scrolls in English, 135).

In 1QM 11.6 this passage is quoted in the context of a soon coming war where the true Israel at Qumran would defeat the evil world “at the hand of your annointed”. In 4Q 175 12 the author is writing about the prophet like Moses who would arise.

In the second century a failed candidate for Messiah named Simon was called “bar Kokhba” (שמעון בר כוכבא) or Simon “son of a star”.

Yet I can’t think of any reference to Jesus this way. It is not that this name is so important that it is surprising, but just an interesting thing to note.