The second of Hammurabi’s codes of law is as interesting as it is odd:

“If any one bring an accusation against a man, and the accused go to the river and leap into the river, if he sink in the river his accuser shall take possession of his house. But if the river prove that the accused is not guilty, and he escape unhurt, then he who had brought the accusation shall be put to death, while he who leaped into the river shall take possession of the house that had belonged to his accuser.”

At the end of some of the codes there are elders and judges, so this one is a bit odd. It leaves things to fate, or to the gods, but why? And why is it the second code? Anyone know?