As I have mentioned (here) I am participating in “Greek Isaiah in a Year” reading group. I’ve fallen a bit behind these last few weeks (I should be through chapter 18!), so I will approach this with a new format for my notes next week/ These are my notes from this week (14:5-8).
14:5—in the MT YHWH breaks the “staff” (מטה) of the evil ones and the “rod” (שׁבט) of rulers. In the LXX the “yoke” (τὸν ζυγὸν) of sinners (ἁμαρτωλῶν) and rulers. YHWH is called “God” (ὁ θεὸς).
14:6—the people (עמים/ἔθνος) in wrath receiving unceasing blows and YHWH rules the nations (גוים/ἔθνος) in anger (רדה באף). LXX uses ἔθνος twice. The line of thought in the LXX likely ends in v. 7a (ἀνεπαύσατο πεποιθώς): “he himself rested convincingly.”
14:7—the appositional נחה שׁקטה presents a time of “undisturbed/quiet rest” upon “all the land” (כל־הארץ). The land has been mentioned a handful of times as relates to judgment. Creation is personified as breaking out into a loud cry, but a positive one (NASB: “break forth into shouts of joy,” NET: “break into song”; MT: פצחו רנה). The LXX says the whole earth shouted with joyfulness: πᾶσα ἡ γῆ βοᾷ μετʼ εὐφροσύνης. I can’t help but see a connection to Romans 8:18-25 here. Creation is relieved when humanities Edenic exile ends. As the LXX leaves room for a cosmic reading of this text, so Paul presents a cosmic understanding of Creation’s eschatological freedom.
14:8—begins with an amazing depiction of the cypress trees rejoicing with the people
(גם־ברושׁים שׂמחו לך) as well as the cedars of Lebanon (ארזי לבנון). The LXX names the tree of Lebanon (τὰ ξύλα τοῦ Λιβάνου) and the cedars of Lebanon (ἡ κέδρος τοῦ Λιβάνου). The LXX word for “rejoice” is the same as the one if the previous v., εὐφράνθησαν. The earth rejoices. The cedars rejoice. While there is no marker to introduce the statement in the MT or LXX, the rest of the v. seems to be a statement. MT: “Since you laid down (שׁכבת) no cutter has come up to us.” The LXX: “Since you were put to sleep (κεκοίμησαι), the cutter has not come up to us.” The King of Babylon’s use of the forests have led the forest to rejoice in his demise.
See older notes: